The era of practical and more rational cure to diseases emerged around 600 BC. Unique fire-altar shapes were associated with unique gifts from the Gods. The king’s decision was much of a strategic importance. The distance from Delhi to Daulatabad (Devagiri) was nearly 1500 km. It is the second volume of his main work Siddhānta Shiromani, Sanskrit for "Crown of treatises," alongside Lilavati, Grahaganita and Goladhyaya. And the very situation was not favourable to make-up their minds to pay more. (xiii) Rasarnava- Sanskrit text written in medieval period (12th century) & deals with Tantrism (metallic preparations & alchemy). The earliest precursor of modern chess is a game called chaturanga, which flourished in India by the 6th century. That is why right from the beginning of his rule; he decided to take some bold reformative measures for the improvement as well as safeguard of the country. (x) Book deals with preparation of liquids (mainly mercury)(xi) He also wrote Uttaratantra, a supplement to Sushruta Samhita and deals with preparation of medicinal drugs.And also wrote four ayurvedic treatises later. He therefore issued an ordinance for the compilation of a register showing the incomes and expenditures of the provinces. AryabhattiyaC. A. TakshilaB. The great Bahmani king, Firuz (1397–1422), for example, encouraged botany, geometry, and logic. (a) Vasco-da- Gama (b) Don Almaida (c) Albuquerque (d) Duplex (ix) Akbar made mathematics as a subject of study in education system. Firstly Devagiri had been a base for the expansion of Turkish rule in India. Siddhanta ShiromaniExplanationThe Shulba Sutras are part of the larger corpus of texts called the Shrauta Sutras, considered to be appendices to the Vedas. Phlegm & 3. Production of paer is not known in the ancient India. Aryabhatta(i) In 499 AD wrote Aryabhattiya → which included concepts of mathematics & astronomy(ii) Book had four sections:- Method of denoting big decimal numbers by alphabets- Number theory, geometry, trigonometry and Bijaganita(iii) Astronomy- was called khagol Shastra- Khagol was famous astronomical laboratory in Nalanda where Aiyabhatta studied. Lilavati 2. (iii) Last miniscule matter which could not be further subdivided- Parmanu. This ancient observatory is a slightly opened door to our ancient astronomical knowledge. So his transfer of capital with the entire population of Delhi was a blunder. He had profound knowledge in logic, philosophy, mathematics astronomy and physical sciences. According to Standly Lane-poole, “Daulatabad was a monument of misdirected energy.”. GeometryExplanationBijaganita was Indian mathematician Bhaskara II's treatise on algebra. The Estimate of Sultan Muhammad-bin- Tughlaq: While making an estimate of Sultan Muhammad-bin- Tughlaq’s character and achievements, historians have strongly differed and have expressed diametrically opposite views. In 1610, near Daulatabad Fort, the new city of Aurangabad, then named Khadki, was established to serve as the capital of the Ahmadnagar Sultanate by the Ethiopian military leader Malik Ambar, who was brought to India as a slave but rose to become a popular Prime Minister of the Ahmadnagar Sultanate. Instead of shifting the en masse population, he could have shifted only the official seats and officers. KarateC. (v) Around 600 BC- era of practical & more rational cure(vi) Takshila & Varanasi- centres for medicinal learning. ChessExplanationThe earliest precursor of modern chess is a game called chaturanga, which flourished in India by the 6th century. (xii) Sawai Jai SinghMEDICINE(i) Vedic times → Ashwini Kumars were practisioners of medicine & were given divine status. 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