Each type of bamboo has its own distinguishing characteristics and family of species. Bamboo is available in many species. It produces flowers and seeds irregularly, based on the conditions around it. Nodes have a ring of root thorns. Common Types of Bamboo Used in Construction . Bamboo flooring comes in a variety of types. Some believe that this is the most beautiful bamboo, and it is often planted in gardens. Because he cannot digest this food as a predator, he has to eat a lot of it. The culms of the bamboo are straight and have a powdery appearance. Types of Bamboo Poles. This bamboo occurs in the Nilgiris, Palghat and Tinnevelly, in South India, at an elevation of 1800-2600 m. It forms a gregarious undergrowth in the evergreen sholas. Culms are 2 to 3 m high and about 1.2 cm diameter. This nearly led to the loss of the art of basket making, which is still an important part of the economy of the Cherokee people. It is cold-hardy and survives up to 0° F, but some species can even survive the intense colds of Minnesota. Culms and branches are light green with dark green stripes. But if you’re in New York or Minnesota, it’s going to be a challenge. Yellow groove bamboo is one of the medium-high bamboo types which is around 15 to 30 feet or 5 to 9 meters. "Every day our written language reminds us of the antiquity of China's partnership with bamboo." Very thin culms and tight clumps. They are also used to make trutruca, which is a musical instrument. The Chinese names for different bamboo trees all contain the character ‘竹’. Climbs over other plants, and is a vining species. Has short swollen lower green internodes, and is striped with dark green. Whether you have an Oriental, beautifully tropical, or contemporary garden- there’s one set of plants that’ll perfect work with every kind of garden- bamboo. We stop by Bamboo Garden Nursery to learn about the 2 types and where you should plant them. Has swollen nodes. Image source: Bamboo plants HQ. Has little leaves on small branches that completely surround the nodes. Straight thick walled culms, with fine white stripes. Golden yellow culms with green stripes that look like paint dripping down the culm. Culms root easily. It uses a large network of thick underground rhizomes to spread. Unlike most bamboos, the stems of the Chilean bamboo are completely solid. Native to the Indo-china, this bamboo can grow 17-32 feet in height and up to 4-8 centimeters in diameter. Has purplish-green culms, and open clumps. They are also grown in plant zones 6-10 in the United States from Florida to southern Connecticut. Bambusa strita. Has bright green leaves. Bamboo Types . These three species once covered nearly five million acres of land in Am… At a height of up to 100 feet, the giant bamboo is the tallest type of bamboo in existence. This means that the flooring can be constructed in different ways to make different types of bamboo flooring. They are an invasive species that need to be grown in containers or restricted artificially. As a specialty bamboo nursery, our collection includes many varieties of clumping and running bamboos from around the world. The varieties of bamboo you can plant outdoors will be dictated by the coldest temperature your area reaches in winter. It's important that you choose the right type for your garden or landscape project. The new culms appear next to the parent plant and only spread a few inches annually. Degenerated leaves and roots grow on the nodes of the rhizome, and there is one bud on every node. Some authorities consider it an intergeneric hybrid between Phillostachys nigra var. New culms are light blue, and as they age they become yellow with thin striae. Grows at a higher altitude than any other bamboo in the genus, and has small spiky blue leaves. For the type of conservation covered by this manual, columns and roof members should be 80-100mm in diameter with wall thickness of 10-12mm. Base of culm sheaths densely hairy. There are more than 1,300 types of bamboo worldwide. It is also used as reinforcement of concrete, scaffolding, ladders, house frames in walls, tiles, and floor coverings. Bamboo types are split into two different sorts, running type and clumping type. Can grow at very low temperatures. Over-exploitation has led to the depletion of its natural numbers. Native to. The young shoots of the Giant Bamboo are a blackish purple color. They have hair lanceolate leaves that have a spine of the end, and their flowers are a light brown color. Some … Pandas are extremely rare. Has arching culms, and brown rings on culm sheaths near the base of the culm. Running bamboo are found in almost all climates of the world. Nodes have a ring of root thorns. He is sometimes eating 14 hours a day and then works at least ten, but sometimes sixty kilos of bamboo inside. It has only recently been added to the world's bamboo inventory. Forms a thick clump of thick walled culms. Phil.) Pseudosasa japonica is commonly known as Japanese arrow bamboo. This variety can spread to about 100km away from the parent plant, making it a fast growing invasive plant. Nodes have a ring of root thorns. The leaves are about 7 inches (180 mm) long and 1 inch (25 mm) wide. And desk plants are in 10 to 100 US dollars. Slender with glabrous culms and culm sheaths. They actually make a u-shape instead of spreading horizontally. The botanical name for this type of bamboo is ‘monopodial bamboo’ (Bambusa bambos) and is known to grow in colder climates. Open clumps, loose branches, and white stripes on culms. Strongly arched culms with narrow leaves. It is famous for growing very quickly since it can grow up to 91–122 centimeters in a single day. Although it's a little more complicated than this, the two main different types within bamboo species are basically; running bamboo (Monopodial) and clumping bamboo (Sympodial). Running bamboos spread fast and can cover an area quickly. sengteeanum, Acidosasa chienouensis in Flora of China @ efloras.org, online conversion calculators for temperature, length/ distance, area, volume and weight, "The grass genera of the world: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval; including synonyms, morphology, anatomy, physiology, phytochemistry, cytology, classification, pathogens, world and local distribution, and references", Valiha and Cathariostachys, Two New Bamboo Genera (Gramineae-Bambusoideae) from Madagascar. 1. They are used to propagate new plants, but gardeners should be careful. Their underground stems called rhizomes are different from other timber or non-clumping bamboo. Thin walled drooping, a bamboo that is often confused with. Many other plants like the creeping blueberry, wax myrtle, blue huckleberry, and more use it as a support system. In the tribe Bambuseae also known as bamboo, there are 91 genera and over 1,000 species. The bamboo is even used for its mechanical properties as vegetable steel. Has large shiny leaves, rough culms, and hairy culm sheaths. The cane has a rounded, hollow stem which can grow up to 10m or 33 ft tall. There are more than 1,450 species of bamboo plants. Has slightly drooping internodes, flat nodes, thick walls, and a thin layer of white powder on it. This adapts to the most traditional and exotic designs, and while some have a somewhat slow growth process, some varieties of bamboo can be planted easily so we can see them grow. The split culms are used for making mats, baskets and fences. The trees are usually found in low altitudes fewer than 1,500m, but some species can live in altitudes higher than 2,500m. Has yellow arching culms and fine small leaves. Has green internodes, and bends slightly at the top. Comes from Mexico. [11] Look no further than Bamboo Creations Nursery, your specialist in bamboo plants Melbourne. Persistent pale red culm sheaths that are much longer than internodes. Bamboo types are split into two different sorts, running type and clumping type. Tall thorny bamboo indigenous to India and, A small green bamboo with narrow leaves. 1. Sometimes with thorny nodes, and quadrangular culms. Compact and erect. Cold-sensitive Clumping Bamboo for mild climates including Bambusa, Otatea, Himalayacalamus. There are different types: clumping, running and spreading. 15. Leaves have white stripes, and culms have green sulci. Alphonse Karr. Has erect culms, short branches, and wide leaves. Often sold as a decorative hedge. They are found in all sorts of habitats including savannas, gallery forests, lower-montane forests, lowland tropical forests, and inter-Andean vegetation in the valleys. [5] New shoots start in fall or winter. Long internodes, and persistent light blue bloom. They can grow up to 8-25 feet, depending on the species of bamboo. The largest concentrations of the species are found in Orinoco and Amazon basin.