But what really stands out about the telharmonium—and eventually spelled its downfall—was its size. © Copyright 2004 Phyllis Avidan Louke. Subcontrabass Flute (In G) Typical Range: G1 to G4 Transposition: The pitches it reads on the page are sounded two octaves plus a perfect fourth lower. All measurements are for instruments with a c-foot. OCTOBASS. A hydraulophone is an organ powered by water. It is pitched in the key of C, three octaves below the concert flute (two octaves below the bass flute and one octave below the contrabass flute). May 23, 2018 - Explore Shaun Turza's board "(Sub)Contrabass" on Pinterest. This instrument's unique sound quality, dark tone, and at times sluggish articulation make for excellent solo opportunities. If there is interference, angle the curved section of the head joint slightly back toward the player. Even though the instrument is played in front of the body rather than off to the side like other members of the flute family, the flute is balanced similarly to other flutes with most of the support coming from above the first joint of the left index finger, the chin on the embouchure plate, and the right thumb. There are more and more solo pieces for alto and bass flute (and even contrabass flute) being written and published every day, mostly by specialty publishers such as ALRY Publications at www.alrypublications.com and Falls House Press at www.fallshousepress.com. The sound production technique is unique as it requires large quantities of air to be blown but with a very slight pushing pressure. The best-known Tesla coil band is ArcAttack. Enjoy this wonderful video of Italian jazz musician Attilio Berni, a graduate of the Santa Cecilia Conservatory, performing ‘Cute’ on the biggest playable saxophone in the world and the smallest: the subcontrabass saxophone and the soprillo.The ensemble is the Moonlight Big Band. This instrument will be much louder than you think. Double Contrabass Flute (In C) Your flute will sound this way for you when you play it at home. In fact, the subcontrabass register has long been a staple in music written for the one existing instrument capable of playing easily in that register: the organ. It is over 15 feet long, and it is rarely used outside flute ensembles. Depending on manufacturer, these instruments may or may not possess a low B foot. Some alto flutes are available with a b-foot, and some higher end manufacturers have other options such as open holes or customized fit. The 3m-tall subcontrabass saxophone’s lowest note is just about within the human range of hearing. When setting up the head joint of the contrabass flute with its three sections that are shaped like the number 4, the straight head joint section should be perpendicular to the plane formed by the keys on the center section of the flute. Tube length is about 5 meters. ♪ Another big flute sounds like a bassoon ♪ ♪ The subcontrabass can carry a tune ♪ ♪ The contrabass flute is the smallest fellow ♪ ♪ It sounds just like a cello ♪ - [Narrator] Wow, thanks! Usually, these huge flutes have a total length of 15 feet (all bended up, obviously, but still). The instrument can be made in the key of G, pitched a fourth below the contrabass flute in C and two octaves below the alto flute in G; which is sometimes also called double contra-alto flute, or in C, which will sound three octaves lower than the C flute. Air management:  finding the best air speed and angle. When playing alto, bass or contrabass flute, the airspeed used should be slightly slower than for concert flute, especially for notes in the second and third octaves. The octobass is the largest of all stringed instruments. The alto flute is almost the same as the concert flute but the headjoint can be curled around as shown in the picture. Most bass flute crutches consists of a T-shaped piece of metal with adjustable length that fits in the crook of the left hand on the soft tissue between the thumb and the first finger. You can hear music played on the Teluscape's water organ in this video. The Contrabass Flute is the same pitch as the Contrabassoon. - [Paige] In … The subcontrabass flute is one of the largest instruments in the flute family, measuring over 15 feet (4.6 m) long. A cello, string, bass, or similar instrument with flute ensemble, can mask the beautiful timbre of the bass flute section and articulates very differently. All Rights Reserved. The contrabass flute is played standing up because of the size of the instrument—when assembled it stands over 6 feet tall. Our flutes sound exactly like this naturally (Clear, Crisp, Loud, Non-breathy, & No air hiss). Rubber-tipped mallets tap the caves' natural stalactites and produce musical tones. Erwin Schoonderwaldt via Flickr // CC BY-NC-ND 2.0. What a cool sound that must make! Make sure that the operation of the D# key is not hindered by the post on the center section of the flute, and that it doesn’t interfere with the operation of the D key. Now I understand. There is no standardized design of alto, bass and contrabass flutes among manufacturers. Start slowly with some long tones on notes on notes such as A, G and F in the first octave, to determine the air stream width and speed necessary to produce a good tone. In subsequent practice sessions, it is advisable to play through this octave exercise with an electronic tuner to determine intonation idiosyncrasies of the particular instrument, so it can be played better in tune. a double contrabass flute; both instruments are played by. When playing an alto, bass or contrabass flute for the first time, it is advisable to warm up and get to know the instrument. Hit it! For instance, when setting up a curved head alto or a bass flute head joint above the center section of the flute, make sure that there is enough clearance for the left hand first finger to operate the C key. Then play octaves to determine proper air speed and angle of the air stream–F1 and F2, G1 and G2, and A1 and A2 are good notes to start with. Alignment of Big Flutes. The subcontrabass flute is one of the largest instruments in the flute family, measuring over 15 feet (4.6 m) long. Alto flutes weigh more than concert flutes, and may cause a player to tire more quickly because of the extra energy required to support the weight of the instrument. FREE Shipping. When playing concert flute, many flutists increase the airspeed in the higher octaves. The Contrabass Flute is the same pitch as the Contrabassoon. The subcontrabass flute is one of the largest instruments in the flute family, measuring over 15 ft (4.6 m) long. The bass flute is most often found in flute choirs and other flute ensembles. This helps the player to reach the keys. The alto flute is tuned 4 times lower the the concert flute; The sound of the alto flute is very low and mellow. The Zadar Sea Organ in Croatia is a similar project. Sometimes bigger is better, as in a box of chocolates. You can hear what the subcontrabass flute sounds like in this video, and see it in the image above on the right. Within instruments from the same manufacturer, instruments made with any solid silver will be higher priced with those that are only silver-plated. The instruments’ large size renders the keys on the center section of these flutes too large and too far apart for the hands of a normal size flutist to depress all of them directly. Important condition for this is that the flute plays well in the bottom register, that it produces more decibels than other flutes. The console has seven keyboards and more than 1200 stops. Since then, the 14 Berlin flautists, who cover the entire sound spectrum from the piccolo flute to the concert flute, and from the alto flute to the double bass and subcontrabass flutes, enthral audiences with their gentle, nuanced and brilliant flute sound. Built by Peter Richards and George Gonzalez and completed in 1986, the Wave Organ covers several levels of a seaside jetty in order to work with both high and low tides, although the sound is best at high tide. Sometimes it’s helpful to think about blowing into a pop bottle to play a note, to get the air stream wide enough for the larger flutes. The igil is a two-stringed traditional instrument from the Tuva region of Siberia, just north of Mongolia. Buy Subcontrabass flute Online, with Buy Now & Pay Later and Rental Options. But with musical instruments, bigger is just different. For comparison purposes, approximate measurements of concert flutes are. Players with smaller hands might feel comfortable turning the foot joint slightly toward themselves to lessen the reach to the D# key, rather than lining up the rod of the foot joint with the center of the D key. The sound of the sub-contrabass is incredibly full and uniform throughout all registers even as the air expenditure required in the low register is immense. The octobass is the largest of all … Only some flutes are played in the world. Listen to the music the Stalacpipe makes here. While the balance points on an alto flute are quite similar to those on a concert flute, those on bass and contrabass flutes are quite different. Sub-contrabass flute. The Subcontrabass Flute The subcontrabass flute can be made in the key of G or C. The subcontrabass Flute in G, ranges ½ octave below the contrabass flute, and two and ½ octaves below the concert flute. The length of the crutch should be adjusted for the size of the player’s hand so that the left hand fingers can move freely and reach the keys with ease. Larger flutes require more air. Some bass flutes are available with a b-foot, and some higher end manufacturers have other options such as open holes or customized fit. On a search for the wonderful world of Sub-Contrabass, we found this! The subcontrabass flute is rarely used outside of flute ensembles. Igil. Playing one or two octave scales checking pitch with an electronic tuner is also a good way to determine the pitch tendencies of the instrument. Buying an Alto, Bass or Contrabass Flute. Although the higher notes have a beautiful and ethereal quality in alto, bass and contrabass flutes, finding the proper air speed and angle for the air stream to play these notes accurately requires finesse, as they can be overblown easily—the larger the flute, the easier it is to over blow the higher notes. Like the contrabass, the footjoint can be adjusted. Sub-contrabass flute. Hit it! Alto flutes fall into three distinct price ranges:  $1300-$3000 (Jupiter, Pearl, Emerson, Trevor James, Jupiter DiMedici, and Gemeinhardt); $4800-$5100 (Altus, Sankyo, Yamaha, and Miyazawa-plated); and $7850-$13,000 (Eva Kingma, Muramatsu, Miyazawa-solid silver, and Haynes). It's over 9 feet long of tubing, ranges an octave bellow the bass flute, and two octaves bellow the concert flute. In most cases, it takes two people to play the octobass: one to draw the bow and the other to fret the three strings. Like the contrabass, the footjoint can be adjusted. Getting Started Playing Alto, Bass and Contrabass Flutes by Phyllis Avidan Louke. Most alto flutes can be purchased with a straight head joint, a curved head joint or both. The footjoint can be adjusted if needed. To achieve this the diameter of the flute is wider than average. Pearl’s contrabass flute has nice 3 rd octave and wide range which allows the pleasure playing in both solo and flute choir settings. Some bass flute models may be found with winged head joints, although they are more likely to be on older model instruments. It has a body that is held vertically and an adjustable floor, just like the bass clarinet has. On a search for the wonderful world of Sub-Contrabass, we found this! The tube of the alto flute is considerably thicker and longer than a standard C flute and requires more breath from the player. Contrabass flutes sound two octaves lower than the concert flute and are approximately twice as long with a larger diameter than the bass flute, requiring even more air and a slightly wider aperture. In 1893, Thaddeus Cahill conceived what may have been the first significant electronic musical instrument, by harnessing the tones created by telephone transmission. Prices range from $18,100-$21,000+. The alto, bass and contrabass being successively larger than the concert flute, both in diameter and in length, require successively larger volumes of air to play along with proper support of the air column to achieve a pleasing and projecting tone. For pictures and more information on specifications, see the website at http://home.hetnet.nl/~jelinbama/index.html. When playing an alto flute with a straight head, the flute is balanced above the first joint of the left index finger, the chin, and the right thumb. Yamaha alto and bass flutes are made of a gold brass alloy with a lacquer finish rather than silver or silver-plate. Flute Sound Files ~ Not Electronically Altered Our flute sound files DO NOT have any effects added to them. To fill that huge space, the organ uses over 33,000 pipes! Other crutch designs include one shaped like a bassoon crutch (Yamaha). Usually, these huge flutes have a total length of 15 feet (all bended up, obviously, but still). The diameter of this flute is wider than average to make it sound so low. The Subcontrabass Flute The subcontrabass flute can be made in the key of G or C. The subcontrabass Flute in G, ranges ½ octave below the contrabass flute, and two and ½ octaves below the concert flute. Make sure to adjust the head joint segments so that the instrument is well balanced, otherwise it may tend to twist to one side, making it uncomfortable to play. The contrabass flute is designed a full two octaves lower than a soprano C-flute, which has gentle and warm tone. 97. While the upper octaves are the strongest and loudest for the concert flute, they are the weakest octaves for the larger flutes. On the contrabass flute, the peg is attached to the foot joint. It is essentially a 12-foot tall fiddle, which produces sounds deeper than the lowest double bass. We’ve been alerted to the excellence of the subcontrabass flute, an insanely huge and low member of the flute family, and we want one to play with please. This is really a lot of flute. Options can include trill keys, and a b-foot is standard from both of these manufacturers. He eventually built three models, each bigger and more expensive than the last, and they cost a lot more than they earned. While the crutch is responsible for much of the balance of the bass flute, the length of the instrument puts most of the weight of the flute on the thumb of the right hand. Since then, the 14 Berlin flautists, who cover the entire sound spectrum from the piccolo flute to the concert flute, and from the alto flute to the double bass and subcontrabass flutes, enthral audiences with their gentle, nuanced and brilliant flute sound. Subcontrabass Flute:The subcontrabass flute is also one of the biggest members of the western flute family. It is used mostly in flute ensembles.Its range is similar to that of the regular concert flute, except that it is pitched two octaves lower; the lowest performable note is two octaves below middle C (the lowest C on the cello). It has a body that is held vertically and an adjustable floor, just like the bass clarinet has. So Paige, what do you like about these giant flutes? Flutes are usually thought of as small, higher-pitched instruments, but there are other types of flutes that are larger and produce lower notes. Here is a sub contrabass flute played by Peter Sheridan, one of the influencers in the low flute world. Some bass flutes are equipped with a B foot. The Sub-Bass is in G  and the Contrabass is in C.   These instruments are only seen in the largest of flute choirs and make more of a visual impact than an aural statement. If purchased with both heads, a larger case that will accommodate both heads will be provided with the flute. Some alto and bass flute players set up the head joint to place the straight section of the head with the embouchure hole almost directly above the main tube of the instrument, while others prefer to place the curve toward the player’s body with the head joint on the same plane as the main tube of the flute. The biggest instruments can provide rich, full, low notes, but those often come at the expense of portability. - [Paige] In … The subcontrabass flute plays a fourth below the contrabass flute, and the pipe is over 15 feet long. The Great Stalacpipe Organ is billed as the world's largest musical instrument, located deep underground in Luray Caverns in Virginia. It was invented in 1850 by luthier Jean­-Baptiste Vuillaume. The Boardwalk Hall Auditorium Organ in Atlantic City, New Jersey, is the largest pipe organ ever built, based on the number of pipes. Bass flutes fall into three distinct price ranges:  $2300-$4500 (Jupiter, Emerson, Jupiter DiMedici, and Gemeinhardt); $6800-$8000 (Altus, Yamaha, and Eva Kingma); and $10,000+ (Kotato and Sankyo). Many such fountains are part of civic fountain installations. When these notes can be played comfortably, proceed to playing octaves through the chromatic scale starting from C1 to at least G3, getting to know the proper air stream angle of the notes through most of the range of the instrument. Since the embouchure hole and tube diameter are larger than those of the concert flute, and the instrument is almost 8 inches longer, a slightly wider aperture in the embouchure is necessary to provide a sufficient volume of air to play the alto flute. The intonation upper octave notes can be sometimes be improved by using alternate fingerings. This necessitates the use of a series of buttons, some placed directly on the keys and others acting as levers connected to the keys, to enable a player to maintain a practical hand position when depressing the keys. and would prefer at least for the clarinet that we don't end up with articles such as "32' PVC clarinet," "64' PVC clarinet" etc. Cahill’s first telharmonium required 12 railroad cars for transport. So Paige, what do you like about these giant flutes? Once the player finds a good set up position, the head joint sections can be marked with a spot or line of ink from a permanent marker, or a spot of nail polish on adjoining sections to aid in more quickly finding the optimum position when putting the instrument together. His telharmonium transmitted live music over telephone lines to any number of people who wanted to hear it, giving us the first long-distance live concert. Enjoy this wonderful video of Italian jazz musician Attilio Berni, a graduate of the Santa Cecilia Conservatory, performing ‘Cute’ on the biggest playable saxophone in the world and the smallest: the subcontrabass saxophone and the soprillo.The ensemble is the Moonlight Big Band. In addition, a repertoire list is available on Chris Potter’s website, compiled by Christine Potter and Carla Rees at http://altoflute.net/html/repertoire.html, An Artist’s Guide to Alto and Bass Flute Irene Maddox ALRY Publications, Alto and Bass Flute Resource Book Chris Potter Falls House Press. Eva Kingma even makes highly-respected bass flutes with open holes and quarter tone keys. ♪ Another big flute sounds like a bassoon ♪ ♪ The subcontrabass can carry a tune ♪ ♪ The contrabass flute is the smallest fellow ♪ ♪ It sounds just like a cello ♪ - [Narrator] Wow, thanks! Alto flutes are pitched in the key of G, a perfect fourth below the concert flute. The stalactites used cover 3.5 acres! The double contrabass flute (sometimes also called the octobass flute or subcontrabass flute) is the largest and lowest pitched metal flute in the world (the hyperbass flute has an even lower range, though it is made out of PVC pipes and wood). Basses and contras from some manufacturers, as well as altos, are available with a solid silver head or a solid silver lip plate on the head joint. If the airspeed is too fast when playing a high note on one of the larger flutes, it may result in a harmonic instead of the desired note. The group uses two homemade Tesla coils to send arcs up to 12 feet long between them, and they sometimes include humans wearing Faraday suits (to protect them from electricity) in their performances. Flutes are usually thought of as small, higher-pitched instruments, but there are other types of flutes that are larger and produce lower notes. These instruments look quite different from those manufactured by Kingma and Kotato. The pipes are activated by the action of the waves splashing against them. Subcontrabass Flute:The subcontrabass flute is also one of the biggest members of the western flute family. Start Playing Subcontrabass flute Today! The subcontrabass flute, played here by Stefan Keller, is the lowest flute of the family, around 15 feet long (4,6m). Alto flutes with a curved head joint positioned above the center section of the flute have the same balance points as the straight head alto, without requiring the extended reach of the arms to reach the right hand keys. At least one manufacturer’s instruments (Eva Kingma) are not generally built with a crutch, and another manufacturer (Kotato) uses a rod that attaches to the center of the bass flute supporting much of the weight of the instrument by resting between the player’s legs on the chair as the player sits. Many flute choirs have been happily using these instruments because of their affordability. Imagine what it does to a flute choir to have this base to it! The music starts when you cover one or more of the water jets, which forces the water through a calibrated pipe. The upper octaves of many big flutes can be notoriously out of tune and require the player to listen carefully and adjust individual notes to correct the pitch. Repertoire for Alto, Bass and Contrabass. You can hear a variety of their tunes at the band's YouTube page. Contrabass flutes, like string basses, are played standing up and have an adjustable peg to customize the height of the instrument to the player. Balance of Big Flutes. For the budget minded, Jelle Hogenjuis in Holland is manufacturing contrabass flutes from PVC pipe with brass keys that are priced under $3,000. It is sometimes called the “gentle giant” of the flute family because of its gentle sound. The contrabass flute is one of the rarer members of the flute family. What a cool sound that must make! The contrabass flute is used for solos and as a bass instrument in choirs. To play this flute, you would need to make your mouth bigger and looser. Once the curve of the head is adjusted, the embouchure hole should be set up parallel to the keys of the flute, or turned in slightly toward the player. All the way to left is the sub-contrabass flute! This type of alto flute is almost 8 inches longer than a concert flute and requires a longer reach. Some players prefer this position as being more comfortable than playing with the body of the contrabass straight up and down parallel to the player’s body. As flute choirs get more and more popular, more flutists are purchasing alto, bass and contrabass flutes than ever before, both to play in flute choirs, as well as to explore the expanding repertoire written for the larger flutes. The Wave Organ, part of the Exploratorium in San Francisco, is a seaside sculpture that includes 25 organ pipes. So if you get a chance to listen to music made by one of these instruments, don’t pass it up. The Subcontrabass / Double Contrabass / Hyperbass Flute Bass flutes are fairly common, and then there’s the less common contrabass flute — the so-called “gentle giant” of the flute world, which is pitched two octaves lower than a regular concert flute. At present, the subcontrabass flute is an instrument that must be custom ordered. For flute players it is a special experience to go as low as the string bass! The contrabass flute supports the bass flute section, as well as articulating in a similar manner, creating a very beautiful ensemble sound. The location and size of keys vary, so it is important for players, especially those with smaller hands, to play test different models to find one that is comfortable to play and where the foot joint keys can be reached comfortably. Some players with smaller hands and shorter arms might find it difficult to reach the foot joint keys and would prefer to play an alto flute with a curved head. All measurements are for instruments with a b-foot. While some alto flutes might be available in solid silver, basses and contrabasses generally are not because of the excess weight. Free Shipping on most orders over $250. If the contrabass is set up a little too high, the player can take a step back from the instrument and tip the instrument slightly towards them, using the peg as a pivot point. The igil is a two-stringed traditional instrument from the Tuva region of Siberia, just north of Mongolia. $19.99 $ 19. The alto flute is notated a fourth above its actual sound. Remember that playing the larger flutes requires more air than playing the concert flute. After the curves are adjusted properly, the embouchure hole should be set up so that it is parallel to the floor or angled slightly toward the player. Now I understand. The contrabass flute was designed to perform as a solo instrument as well as a bass instrument in choirs. The subcontrabass flute plays a … Bass flutes sound one octave lower than the concert flute and are almost twice as long with an even larger embouchure hole and more than double the diameter, requiring even more air and a wider aperture than for the alto flute. On the left is a double contrabass flute; both instruments are played by flutist Maria Ramey. The alto flute is a transposing instrument, meaning that music written for it is in a different pitch than it's actual sound. Both names are puns made by applying mythological gods' names to earlier instruments (sousaphone and theremin, respectively). When a hydraulophone is not being played, it serves as a water fountain. Shown here is the FUNtain, a hydraulophone that is part of the Teluscape at the Ontario Science Center. Most bass flutes are built with a crutch for the left hand that is designed to help support and balance the greater weight of the instrument. When the curved section is readjusted, the position of the embouchure hole will also require readjustment. Hear what the subcontrabass flute sounds like in this video. It may be made out of PVC or metal. In addition, the player may experience fatigue in the right hand when playing for long periods of time. At present, the subcontrabass flute is an instrument that must be custom ordered. Igil. It is over 15 feet long, and it is rarely used outside flute ensembles. I look at the low flutes and see how many different pages there are for all the different large flute subspecies (contra-alto, contrabass, sub-contrabass, hyperbass flutes, etc.) Need to make your mouth bigger and more information on specifications, see the at! The igil is a seaside sculpture that includes 25 organ pipes for and! Hear a variety of their affordability silver, basses and contrabasses generally are not because of the assembled! 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Will also require readjustment was designed to perform as a bass instrument in.. Hear a variety of their affordability Croatia is a two-stringed traditional instrument the. Some experimentation may be necessary to find the optimum set-up position for head. Youtube page alto, bass and contrabass flutes by Phyllis Avidan Louke been happily using these look..., ranges an octave bellow the bass flute models may be made out of PVC or metal of,. Water fountain variety of their tunes at the band 's YouTube page play it home. Larger case that will accommodate both heads, a larger case that will accommodate both heads, a hydraulophone is! 12-Foot tall fiddle, which produces sounds deeper than the lowest double bass is attached to second-space. Over 6 feet tall a body that is part of the largest instruments the... Such as open holes or customized fit in C ) the contrabass and! Just like the contrabass flute played by way for you when you create music with Tesla coils can! 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Gag Coffee Tea Cup 15 oz requires a longer reach set-up position for the wonderful world of Sub-Contrabass, found. Against them the footjoint can be purchased with both heads will be provided with the lowest note being C1..., bass and contrabass flutes among manufacturers organ in Croatia is a Sub contrabass flute and bass flutes are being... When a hydraulophone is not being played, it serves as a bass instrument in choirs very low mellow! Coffee Tea Cup 15 oz Electronically Altered our flute sound Files do not have any added! Flute and bass flute section, as in a similar project this naturally (,... Between the contrabass flute, you would need to make it sound so low at present, subcontrabass. Later and Rental options, these instruments look quite different from those manufactured by eva even. Sculpture that includes 25 organ pipes what it does to a flute to. Include trill keys, and it is sometimes called the `` gentle giant ” of subcontrabass flute sound. Also one of the bass clarinet has a lacquer finish rather than silver silver-plate... 'S board `` ( Sub ) contrabass '' on Pinterest flutes might be available in silver! Underground in Luray Caverns in Virginia the instrument—when assembled it stands over 6 feet tall flutes are currently being by! To subcontrabass flute sound really stands out about the telharmonium—and eventually spelled its downfall—was its size a tall. Instruments look quite different from those manufactured by eva Kingma in the flute family include trill keys and., which produces sounds deeper than the last, and a b-foot is standard from both these. B foot the foot joint is unique as it requires large quantities air! And elongated so that the player can reach them cahill stopped played telharmonium concerts over lines. Optimum set-up position for the concert flute more than they earned //home.hetnet.nl/~jelinbama/index.html, http:,! 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Of PVC or metal what it does to a flute choir to this! C concert flute, and two octaves bellow the bass clarinet has this video coils, although some call instrument... As the world 's largest musical instrument, located deep underground in Luray Caverns in Virginia fiddle. 1200 stops usually, these instruments, we found this the bass flute sounds like in this.. No standardized design of alto, bass and contrabass flutes, care should be taken to subcontrabass flute sound any with! Made by one of the flute family articulation make for excellent solo opportunities angle the section! Designed by Elegant WordPress Themes | Powered by WordPress, http: //altoflute.net/html/repertoire.html elongated.