Individual bamboo culms do not get any taller or larger in diameter in subsequent years than they do in their first year, and they do not replace any growth lost from pruning or natural breakage. See some of the different types of bamboos you can get and learn their scientific names or common names. Gardeners working with bamboo plants have occasionally reported allergic reactions varying from no effects during previous exposures, to immediate itchiness and rash developing into red welts after several hours where the skin had been in contact with the plant (contact allergy), and in some cases into swollen eyelids and breathing difficulties (dyspnoea). Scientific Name of Bamboo and Asparagus is used by scientists worldwide. Phyllostachys strata (Lodd. Therefore, the Vietnam nation and Vietnamese value will be maintained and developed eternally. Preparation methods developed over thousands of years have come to be incorporated into Asian cuisines, especially for monks. The common name of this plant in Spanish is Bambú. This bamboo is native to China and gets its common name from its lumpy internodes, which resemble the bulging belly of Buddha. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Fruits + Chicago Hardy Fig. Image from: Bamboo Sheets Shop It is an open-clump type species of bamboo which is native to Indochina and to the province of Yunnan in southern China, It has, however, been widely cultivated in many other places. The Lucky bamboo is an easy to grow plant which can thrive in soil or water. Bamboos are of notable economic and cultural significance in South Asia, Southeast Asia and East Asia, being used for building materials, as a food source, and as a versatile raw product. Bamboo fiber has been used to make paper in China since early times. The shoot is now a fully mature culm. ex Lindley) Gamble; Bambusa vulgaris var. The common name for Viburnum dentatum, "arrowwood," is indicative of its traditional use in the [7] At the interval of several decades, the whole population of an area blooms at once,[13] and individual stems bear a large number of flowers. [7], The average chemical composition is cellulose 41–44%, pentosans 21–23%, lignin 26–28%, ash 1.7–1.9%, and silica 0.6–0.7%. & Zucc.). [10] The densely tufted culms grow 10–20 m (30–70 ft) high and 4–10 cm (2–4 in) thick. In old times, people in India used hand made pens (known as Kalam) made from thin bamboo sticks (with diameters of 5–10 mm and lengths of 100–150 mm) by simply peeling them on one side and making a nib-like pattern at the end. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. [7] When a stem dies, the clump usually survives. Ballarpur (Chandrapur, Maharstra) paper mills use bamboo for paper production. [14] They also occur in small numbers in sub-Saharan Africa, confined to tropical areas, from southern Senegal in the north to southern Mozambique and Madagascar in the south. The larvae of the bamboo borer (the moth Omphisa fuscidentalis) of Laos, Myanmar, Thailand and Yunnan, China feed off the pulp of live bamboo. It could, therefore, take over the population, establishing a flowering interval that is an integer multiple of the previous flowering interval. Scientific name: Bambusa Ventricosa Common name: Buddha Belli Bamboo From: Vietnam, Taiwan and southern china ... We are an agroindustrial company, founded in the year 1980. A similar method is undertaken, but with the base of the culm standing in fresh water, either in a large drum or stream to leach out sap. Other recipes using bamboo shoots are sayur lodeh (mixed vegetables in coconut milk) and lun pia (sometimes written lumpia: fried wrapped bamboo shoots with vegetables). Floating houses use whole bamboo stalks tied together in a big bunch to support the house floating in the water. [5] B. v. f. waminii is cultivated in the US and Europe in addition to Asia. In turn, these caterpillars are considered a local delicacy. [7], Common bamboo has a wide variety of uses, including the stems used as fuel and the leaves used as fodder,[7][29] though a large amount of ingestion of leaves is known to cause neurological disorder among horses. [citation needed] Around 5–8 years later (species- and climate-dependent), the fungal growths cause the culm to collapse and decay. Museum of Cultural History, UCLA: Los Angeles. Bamboo (Bambusa) Interesting Information About Plant: Bamboo can be grown in most climates. While this plant has the common name of bamboo it is not an actual bamboo plant species and belongs to the dracaena genus, although the stalks have a similar appearance. Anji County of China, known as the "Town of Bamboo", provides the optimal climate and soil conditions to grow, harvest, and process some of the most valued bamboo poles available worldwide. Lucky Bamboo plant clade, plant tribe and order fall under the scientific classification of Lucky Bamboo. Working and machining properties of the stems are poor, as they are not straight, not easy to split, and not flexible, but they are thick-walled and initially strong. Bamboo plays an important part of the culture of Vietnam. [35], Because bamboo can grow on otherwise marginal land, bamboo can be profitably cultivated in many degraded lands. It takes on the flavor of anything it is cooked with. Culm leaves are deciduous with dense pubescence. Bambusas usually have round culms with numerous branches at each node, although one or two usually predominate. Just as a bamboo is hollow-hearted, he should open his heart to accept anything of benefit and never have arrogance or prejudice. [7] In Bangladesh, bamboo blight caused by Sarocladium oryzae is a serious disease. The pine (sōng 松), the bamboo (zhú 竹), and the plum blossom (méi 梅) are also admired for their perseverance under harsh conditions, and are together known as the "Three Friends of Winter" (歲寒三友 suìhán sānyǒu) in Chinese culture. 1988. The scientific name of Clumping Bamboo is the botanical name or formal name. The story ends with the happy marriage of the farmer and the landlord's daughter after the landlord agreed to the marriage and asked to be separated from the bamboo. These rats can also carry dangerous diseases, such as typhus, typhoid, and bubonic plague, which can reach epidemic proportions as the rodents increase in number. In the Philippines, the best results were obtained from one-node cuttings from the lower parts of six-month-old culms. These seeds give rise to a new generation of plants that may be identical in appearance to those that preceded the flowering, or they may produce new cultivars with different characteristics, such as the presence or absence of striping or other changes in coloration of the culms. In China and India, bamboo was used to hold up simple suspension bridges, either by making cables of split bamboo or twisting whole culms of sufficiently pliable bamboo together. [15], B. vulgaris grows mostly on river banks, road sides, wastelands, and open ground, generally in the low altitudes. When it comes to Moso bamboo, much is associated with the name. However, both have been disputed for different reasons. Protection from biological threats is essential for long-term use. Although the shoots (newly emerged culms) of bamboo contain a toxin taxiphyllin (a cyanogenic glycoside) that produces cyanide in the gut, proper processing renders them edible. It is the preferred food of panda bears. In Konkani cuisine, the tender shoots (kirlu) are grated and cooked with crushed jackfruit seeds to prepare kirla sukke. The bamboo fire cycle hypothesis is considered by a few scientists to be unreasonable; they argue[23] that fires only result from humans and there is no natural fire in India. [32] Golden bamboo grows well in full sunlight or partial shade. Bamboo was in widespread use in early China as a medium for written documents. : LUGL6: Ludolfia glaucescens Willd. Categories of Bambooworking include: Bamboo, like true wood, is a natural building material with a high strength-to-weight ratio useful for structures. You must know Binomial Nomenclature or Scientific Name of Bamboo × Close Register here. Four-foot-long sections of bamboo are cut, and a mixture of water and calcium carbide are introduced. common bamboo; Variety. Many ethnic groups in remote areas that have water access in Asia use bamboo that is 3–5 years old to make rafts. Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. The name is derived from the Sanskrit word for bamboo shoot, karira. Dwarf Green Stripe bamboo’s scientific name is Pleioblastus. [22] New culms can only form at the very tip of the rhizome. Ulmus americana was long an important street tree in North America. Most bamboo species are native to warm and moist tropical and to warm temperate climates. Dwarf Green Stripe bamboo’s scientific name is Pleioblastus. Even though it has a very low nutritional value, it is a good source of fiber. The two women later became goddesses Xiangshuishen after drowning themselves in the Xiang River. This fermented bamboo shoot is used in various culinary preparations, notably amil, a sour vegetable soup. & C. Rivière; Other Scientific Names The most recent flowering began in May 2006 (see Mautam). [59], Several manufacturers offer bamboo bicycles, surfboards, snowboards, and skateboards. Bamboo shrimp (Atyopsis moluccensis) has lots of different names. Download this stock image: Bamboo Moso Scientific Name Phyllostachys Pubescens growing Queensland Australia dsc 9090 - A0KKF9 from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. [27], Popular as a hothouse plant by the 1700s, it was one of the earliest bamboo species introduced into Europe. Bamboo can also be utilized as a biofuel crop.[46][47]. The name “Phyllostachys” means "leaf spike" and refers to the inflorescences while the specific epithet “aurea” refers to the golden color of old culms and was used by Carrière and later by A.& C. Rivière to name this species (Ohrnberger, 1999). This rapid growth and tolerance for marginal land, make bamboo a good candidate for afforestation, carbon sequestration and climate change mitigation. Bamboo Wood Flooring Species. In modern times, some see bamboo tools as an ecofriendly alternative to other manufactured utensils. While historically used only for structural elements, such as bustles and the ribs of corsets, in recent years different technologies have been developed that allow bamboo fibre to be used for a wide range of textile and fashion applications. Soups are boiled and rice is cooked in the hollows of fresh stalks of bamboo directly over a flame. Image from: Bamboo Sheets Shop It is an open-clump type species of bamboo which is native to Indochina and to the province of Yunnan in southern China, It has, however, been widely cultivated in many other places. Bamboo or wooden strips were used as the standard writing material during the early Han dynasty, and excavated examples have been found in abundance. The Plant List Some can send out runners of several metres a year, while others can stay in the same general area for long periods. Bamboo is also native through Central America and Mexico, northward into the Southeastern United States. Then, the branches extend from the nodes and leafing out occurs. Find Leatherback Bamboo Fruit Scientific Name Averrhoa stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. Although mostly known only from cultivation, spontaneous (nondomesticated), escaped, and naturalized populations exist throughout the tropics and subtropics in and outside Asia. [5][7][11], It is used as raw material for paper pulp, especially in India. Cooking food in bamboo is said to give the food a subtle but distinctive taste. The tender bamboo shoot (sǔn 筍 in Chinese) thus became a nutritious alternative. The woody bamboos do not form a monophyletic group; instead, the tropical woody and herbaceous bamboos are sister to the temperate woody bamboos. [53] Subsequently, paper began to displace bamboo and wooden strips from mainstream uses, and by the 4th century AD, bamboo slips had been largely abandoned as a medium for writing in China. Bal, P. Singhal and S.N Naik, Domesticated plants and animals of Austronesia, Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Abortifacient potentials of the aqueous extract of Bambusa vulgaris leaves in pregnant Dutch rabbits, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bambusa_vulgaris&oldid=967657274, Plants used in traditional African medicine, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from January 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Golden bamboo (plants with yellow stems): Plants always with yellow stems and often with green stripes of different intensity. The empty hollow in the stalks of larger bamboo is often used to cook food in many Asian cultures. The lack of environmental impact on the time of flowering indicates the presence of some sort of "alarm clock" in each cell of the plant which signals the diversion of all energy to flower production and the cessation of vegetative growth. [55] Several paper industries are surviving on bamboo forests. Harvesting of bamboo is typically undertaken according to these cycles: In India Bamboo grows as an undergrowth in Forests of Central India. Culms are basally straight or flexuose (bent alternately in different directions), drooping at the tips. The origin of the word "bamboo" is uncertain, but it probably comes from the Dutch or Portuguese language, which originally borrowed it from Malay or Kannada. [7] Bamboo's strength-to-weight ratio is similar to timber, and its strength is generally similar to a strong softwood or hardwood timber. Moso’s Longevity: Because of its incredible durability when used in stranded bamboo flooring, … Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class Bamboo (Engl.) The latter is a modification of the Malay term bambu. In Java, water stored in golden bamboo tubes is used as a cure of various diseases. [55] With the help of molecular tools, it is now possible to distinguish the superior fiber-yielding species/varieties even at juvenile stages of their growth, which can help in unadulterated merchandise production.[56]. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). [50] Retailers have sold both end products as "bamboo fabric" to cash in on bamboo's current ecofriendly cachet; however, the Canadian Competition Bureau[51] and the US Federal Trade Commission,[52] as of mid-2009, are cracking down on the practice of labeling bamboo rayon as natural bamboo fabric. "Running" bamboos, though, need to be controlled during cultivation because of their potential for aggressive behavior. The shoots that have turned a little fibrous are fermented, dried, and ground to sand-sized particles to prepare a garnish known as hendua. It is used alongside many dried beans in cooking during winters. ex Lindl) Nakai: Giant buddha's belly bamboo (Engl.) [3], In bamboo, as in other grasses, the internodal regions of the stem are usually hollow and the vascular bundles in the cross-section are scattered throughout the stem instead of in a cylindrical arrangement. The sap of young stalks tapped during the rainy season may be fermented to make ulanzi (a sweet wine) or simply made into a soft drink. They spread mainly through their rhizomes, which can spread widely underground and send up new culms to break through the surface. Scientific name: Zosterops japonicus. Some of the largest timber bamboo can grow over 30 m (98 ft) tall, and be as large as 250–300 mm (10–12 in) in diameter. [7] Vegetation propagates through clump division, by rhizome, stem and branch cutting, layering, and marcotting. Different types of bamboos you can get and learn their scientific names or common:! 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Rhizomes extend up to 80 cm before turning upward to create open, fast-spreading clumps acidosasa chinensis is a of... Bambooworking include: bamboo can also be used to make particle boards and flexible packaging grade paper variety species! Listed below are some of the world serve this dish as aloo bodi tama by humans for purposes... Its lumpy internodes, which can thrive in soil or water considered a local delicacy bamboo scientific name area., fences, props, stakes, or posts of 2016, the Puelioideae, Dendrocalamus. Have arrogance or prejudice black-eyed beans as a medium for written documents particular 'cohort ' over! Lemon-Yellow culms ( stems ) with green stripes, which can spread widely underground and send up culms! Boiled out before they can cause problems by moving into adjacent areas as powderpost beetles and Bambusa.. Are edible and eaten throughout Asia is contracting farmers in the stalks of bamboo under genus:...

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