In the western Yoruba city of Abeokuta founded in the 1830s, two forms of the indigo-dyed cloths known as adire developed with the advent of factory-woven cotton shirting. Certificate Art for Junior and Senior Secondary School. [5] Mgbakoigba: Journal of African Studies, Volume 4, 2015. Adireis a resist-dyed cloth produced and worn by the Yoruba people of southwestern Nigeria in West Africa. A fashion that came as a result of scarcity. The textile appeals very much to the fashion conscious in Yorubaland, Nigeria, and on a global level. [3] The Guardian – A Short History of Adire This coupled with the fact that the Yoruba of Old Oyo kingdom exported their art across and beyond West Africa through trade, military activities and political dominance. Related Post: African Black Soap: The History, Components and Benefits 7 (2), Serial No. Among the archeological findings, is a cap bearing the extant and popular Osubamba motif common in the Adire art of the Yoruba people. “ Women, Economy and the State: A study of the Adire Industry in Abeokuta (Western Nigeria). In Egba land, the craft was formerly known to be a family business. Adire is not just another form of clothing, Adire is a part of the Yoruba culture and tradition. TIE – DYE (ADIRE) AMONG THE JUKUN PEOPLE by Gausa Solomon and Abubakar Ezra Find things you’ll definitely love. This is a tie and dye process of making cloth using the Indigo plant extract and the now usage of caustic soda and dye to make what is called Kampala. Through the course of history, Yoruba women artisans have used various methods to … As a distinctive textile type, adire first emerged in the city of Abeokuta, a center for cotton production, weaving, and indigo-dyeing in the nineteenth century. By the second half of the twentieth century, broader colour palette of imported synthetic dyes was introduced. To meet the high demand for adire, stencilling has largely been replaced by a block printing technique to apply the hot wax. Itoku, a community in Abeokuta, Ogun State, is popularly known for the making of Adire and Kampala, indigenous fabrics of Egba. The ideology according to that movie’s story line was that before tie and dye textile came, clothes were only available in white colours. Get yours now, Supporting Creative African-Owned Businesses [5] After dyeing the raffia is usually ripped out, although some choose to leave it in and let wear and tear on the garment slowly reveal the design. Click play below to watch the video documentary of Adire textile amongst Yorubas by Thorolf Lipp. Only on Bellafricana. In this post, you will learn about the history of the Àdìre textile and follow its’ progression through time. Women remained specialists in the dyeing, tying, hand-painting, and hand-sewing done prior to dyeing, but the men became involved in decorating techniques using stitching machine and applying starch through zinc stencils. The textile comes out so beautifully and perfectly that you might be tempted to keep them all for yourself instead of handing them out to your guests eventually. At first, Adire was made from a hand-woven cloth called Kijipa that was tie-dyed indigo (Elu). He also said that his administration would introduce adire as part of the school uniform in the state from 2021. This has given rise to various theories of accidental discovery. Bringing to your notice the amazing body oil from, Is it just me, or is 2020 on a ride with no brakes. The first Adire material was made with Teru (local white attire) and Elu (local Dye) made from elu leaf which is planted in the Saki area of Oyo state. Although, cotton was introduced by the Missionaries in the 1850’s, Cotton weaving, pottery and tie and dye (Adire) are all traditional crafts of the Abeokuta people (Inside Watch Africa, 2012). I would say this supports the notion that Adire was first produced in Jojola’s compound of Kemta, Abeokuta by Chief Mrs. Miniya Jojolola Soetan, the second Iyalode (Head of Women) of Egba land. Feb 11, 2020 - Explore Jana Potter's board "adire cloth", followed by 164 people on Pinterest. I remember seeing a movie called “Odùduwà“, where the first wife of Oduduwa thought women how to tie and dye clothes. 29, April, 2013:350-370 by Areo, Margaret Olugbemisola and Kalilu, Razaq Olatunde Rom It is now being used creatively in different ways. This is one of the ways some part of the African cultural heritage travelled from one continent to the other. (kampala)History of trade and fashion is not complete in the South-Western part of Nigeria without mentioning the art of Adire. From the Damask to dry lace, from Adire- Eleso to Kente, each material being worn in a specific way tells a story. Main Content. Originally locally-woven white cloth (teru) was tied to produce simple patterns and dyed blue with elu (indigo) from locally grown elu leaves. References The Adire fabric is a modern African clothing that originated from Yoruba land. Adire eleko - paste resistIn the years after World War II when American … Adire - The History (Part 1) Adire (AH-dih-ray) is a Yoruba term describing resist-dyeing fabric, … Since the early twentieth century, metal stencils cut from the sheets of tin that lined tea chests have also been used. In the making process, the Indigo plant extract is useful as a caustic soda, that is indirectly called Kampala. International Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship Research, 11-18. make adire national attire, abiodun appeals to @nigeriagov *Adire now school uniform in Ogun Ogun State Governor, Prince @dabiodunMFR , has called on the @NGRPresident to adopt Adire as an attire for national events and as a cultural symbol in the nation's foreign missions, to further promote the rich culture of the nation to the outside world. Ibadan: University Press Ltd. The simplest design for tie and dye is made by pulling up portions of the cloth at an interval, and either knotting or binding round them before dyeing. Increase credibility & boost sales. Parents passed the techniques down to their female children and the wives of their sons. With the introduction of a broader color palette of imported synthetic dyes in the second half … Traditionally done with different sizes of chicken feathers, calabash carved into different designs etc., in a manner similar to block printing. The Yoruba label adire, which means "tied and dyed," was first applied to indigo-dyed cloth decorated with resist patterns around the turn of the twentieth century. As the translation of the name suggests, the earliest pieces of Adire were probably simple tied designs on cotton cloth handspun and woven locally. Adire, is a Yoruba (a tribe in Southwestern Nigeria) word for tie and dye. You will see below, the way Bellafricana creatively uses Adire on the books we produce on commission as souvenirs for clients’ weddings, birthdays, company events and so much more. Bukky Asehinde, Founder & CEO of Bellafricana dressed gorgeously in Adire Textile Connect with global consumers⤵ Adiré is a “resist-dyed” cloth produced and worn by the Yoruba people of southwestern Nigeria in West Africa. This, of course, attracted the Nigerian fashion designers who now adapt the designs to print high-quality cloth and have transformed the art of adire into an entrepreneurial craft. The earliest pieces of this type were probably simple tied designs on cotton cloth handspun and woven locally (rather like those still produced in Mali), but in the early decades of the 20th century new access to large quantities of imported shirting material via the spread of European textile merchants in Abeokuta and other Yoruba towns caused a boom in these women's entrepreneurial and artistic efforts, making adire a major local craft in Abeokuta and Ibadan, attracting buyers from all over West Africa. This is done so that the colour is kept from inside of the folds by knotting and dyeing it or stitching with raffia fiber from banana leaves or thread. We're certain it, Great News! Adire (Yoruba: tie and dye) textile is the indigo-dyed cloth made in southwestern Nigeria by Yoruba women, using a variety of resist-dyeing techniques. The Yoruba people were known for their trade and thus travels. Female specialists dyed yarns and cloth and also refurbished faded clothing by re-dyeing the cloth with tie-dyed patterns. We believe in empowering, supporting and promoting local talents which contributes to job creations in the Nigerian (African) economy. Become a Bellafricana member today Adire textile, pronounced as Ah-DEE-reh is an age old indigo die textile indigenous to the Yoruba tribe of the Southwestern Nigeria. As the translation of the name suggests, the earliest pieces of Adire were probably simple tied designs on cotton cloth handspun and woven locally. In Yoruba, the word Adire translates as (adi) “to tie” and (re) “to dye.” Designs are created by simple techniques including tie-dye, folding, crumpling, and randomly sprinkling or splashing the hot wax onto a cloth before dyeing. During the slave trade many slaves were skilled in weaving; the skill was used by the slave owner as another form of income. An Unpublished PhD Thesis of the Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta, Ogun States, Nigeria Byfeild, J. Eleko: Resist dyeing with cassava paste painted onto the fabric. A popular tourist attraction in Abeokuta. In those days, textiles were also used as a form of identity with each tribe having their own unique patterns which also made it easy to spot outsiders. She then passed on the process to her children and onward to the future generations. Temi's Adire products are now listed on Jumia!You can find our products … Adire - The History Part 2. Whether created by old processes or new innovations, adire today continues to face fashion challenges, and is still an alternative to machine prints. Fashion, beauty and entertainment news especially for you! The Nigeria Adire is an indigo dyed textile that Yoruba women make using a multitude of different resist dye technologies. 7 (2), Serial No. Adire textile is the indigo-dyed cloth made in southwestern Nigeria by Yoruba women, using a variety of resist-dyeing techniques. [2] African Research Review: An International Multidisciplinary Journal, Ethiopia Vol. It has remained the utmost symbol of the  sixties! So many skills of African heritage were transported from country to country or entirely out of the continent through traders. A publication on Tie-Dye US has it that, tie and dye became all the rage during the Vietnam War period. Adire is the name given to indigo dyed cloth produced by Yoruba women of south western Nigeria using a variety of resist dye techniques. See more ideas about african textiles, indigo textiles, african fabric. Objectives: Students will review the five kinds of lines (horizontal, vertical, diagonal, diagonal, & zig zag) & two kinds of shapes (organic & geometric). Adire translates as tie and dye, and the earliest cloths were probably simple tied designs on locally-woven hand-spun cotton cloth much like those still produced in Mali. Assessment of Quality Characteristics of Indigenous and Contemporary Adire cloths produced in Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria. The art and culture that has been passed from generation to generation. Florence Lucie Ihemadu, the founder of Flin Adire recently applied to join AdireOgun.com, a website started in 2020 as a marketplace focusing on the promotion of one of Nigeria’s most famous indigenous textiles – adire. [6] The raffia palm is stripped, and the spine sewn into the fabric. [4] Emur Ogumor (1993:110). She then passed on the process to her children and onward to the future generations. Related: Adire Cloth in Nigeria : A Book Review on Adire Textile, In clothing, there are endless possibilities in what you can do. Abeokuta is consid… Today, the Adire textile is no longer limited to being used as clothing material alone. Saheed, Z. S. (2013). Introducing the Smart Woman Collection by the inno, How we're dancing into September! Today, new multi-coloured adire uses simple technology and hot wax or paraffin are used as resist agents in place of the indigenous cassava paste. Nigerian culture is multi-ethnic and gives a lot of value to different types of arts; which primarily include ivory carving, grass weaving, wood carving, leather and calabash, pottery, painting, glass and metal works, and cloth weaving (textile). The city is reputed to be the capital of the adire industry in Nigeria. Alabere: Stitching raffia onto the fabric in a pattern prior to dyeing. Our founder at Bellafricana, Bukky Asehinde, can’t get enough of the Adire textile. Tie-dye made people happy then, as it does today! [2] In fact, they are not a single group, but rather a collection of diverse people bound together by a common language, history, and culture. @amalbotanicals is having a flash sale, This error message is only visible to WordPress admins, African Black Soap: The History, Components and Benefits, Adire Cloth in Nigeria : A Book Review on Adire Textile, Vol. Also, some impressions may be sown into the fabric with thread and the stitches drawn up tightly before dyeing You might wonder, why bother tying the cotton fabric before dyeing it? This was when people craved peace and freedom from the starched idea of parents and authority. Related Post: Adire Cloth in Nigeria: A Book Review The Yoruba live in West Africa, mainly in Nigeria, Benin, Togo, and part of Ghana. Have you checked out our social media? The fabric can also be twisted and tied on itself or folded into stripes. These days, they are made in a number of various techniques and styles. This craft can now be taught in institutions. How did the textile come about, where was it first made, who wore it first, how did it travel to other tribes and countries, where it is on the global sphere? Design orientation and the spine sewn into the fabric can also be twisted and tied on or! Of Adire dyeing ; Adire Oniko includes various methods of resist dyeing with cassava paste painted onto the in. Abeokuta ( western Nigeria ) as Ah-DEE-reh is an indigo dyed cloth produced and worn by the people! A CULTURAL heritage and ENTREPRENEURIAL craft in EGBALAND, Nigeria from 2021, they are made in a modern so! In southwestern Nigeria, Togo, and part of Nigeria without mentioning the art and culture that has passed! From one continent to the future generations the origin of Adire Scholarly opinions that..., African fabric Egba land, the craft was formerly known to a! 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