The 60,000-square-foot BastCore plant at 715 Shady St. takes in hemp stalks from a nearby farm to process into fiber, chips and other materials for use across different industries. During harvesting, the plant stalks are cut off close to the base or pulled up. Hello, thanks for reaching out. BastCore is located in the greater-Omaha area and serves the fiber supply chain in an altogether unique way, through the processing of hemp. CC BY-NCIf you use this content on your site please link back to this page and credit accordingly. India is the largest grower. Does Bastcore accept the hemp from anyone? Develop improved fiber finishes and lubricants which will enhance the processability and performance of the fiber and bring added value to products. The HempTrain™ is capable of efficiently separating baled hemp feedstock into specified high-value fractions; including a extraction-ready … As part of our ongoing Bast Fiber Research effort, Fibershed engaged mechanical engineer Nicholas Wenner to connect with bast fiber growers, researchers, processors, and artisans to better understand the state of soil-to-soil systems for these unique plants. Seeking advice on startup costs, and economic impacts of processing in your area. It can be recycled several times within its lifecycle and also has important biodegradable properties. I’m working with an invested group to launch the first Decortication and processing facility in Oregon. Decortication, one of the many steps involved in processing hemp, is the separation of hemp’s outer layer (bast fiber) from the inner core (hurd). https://fibershed.org/2018/07/05/building-off-an-industrial-hemp-variety-trial-with-one-acre-exchange/, very interesting machine, we are plan to cultivate hemp in Thailand and Lao , please advice if we want to install a raw hemp fiber processing unit capacity around 1000 Kg. Thank you! My name is Rahul Agarwal. Bast fiber, also called phloem fiber, is a type of plant fiber that can be collected from the phloem or bast surrounding the stem of certain dicotyledonous plants. The bamboo species used for clothing is called Moso or phyllostachys bamboo. The process that transforms coarse raw bast fiber into soft white cotton-like fiber for textile applications. Hemp is the generic name for the entire cannabis family of plants. To process hemp for quality products, a better world, and a sustainable planet. Conversely Cannabis sativa L. subsp. Naturally Advanced Technologies Inc. (NAT), Vancouver, Canada, has granted licence to Tuscarora Yarns Inc. under which Tuscarora will design and manufacture specialty yarns containing blends of NAT's CRAILAR® Flax fibre with cotton or other fibres. Long fibers from the bark of the hemp stalk can be processed into technical textiles and fabric textiles, aka – bast, fiber, hemp fiber, Industrial hemp. As a textile fibre it blends well with both other natural fibres and synthetics and when dyed it retains colour well being both colour and light fast. and claims to use a more natural way of processing the bamboo into fibre. Bast fiber concentration is highest in the "bark" of the stem while high lignin but shorter hurd fibers dominate in the rest of the stem. Nettle fibres are white, smooth, and up to 50mm (2”) long, and can produce a finer and silkier fabric than flax. Written and photographed by Maddy Bartsch. sativa) is an efficient crop, which has multiple uses, the most valuable part of the plant is its fibres for production for the fabric industry, and it is also extensively used for biodegradable plastics and bio fuels. Industrial Hemp (Cannabis sativa L. subsp. Retting refers to the process of separating the fiber from the rest of the plant. I would like to know that can hemp be processed in the same way as jute is processed. For generations, hemp harvesting was performed manually. The fiber is around the outside of the plant and comprises one-third of the weight. The plants are long and slender with fibres that are between one and five metres long running the full length of the plant. If you were to ask me what Nebraska is known for, I’d probably guess corn or football, neither of which I can say much more about. This will perfect for indoor growing and processing and research. The same manufacturing process is used to produce linen fabric from flax or hemp. India produces a variety of hemp known as Sunn or Bombay Hemp. This versatile fibre is also used for paper, film, composite materials and geotextiles in environmental engineering. It is used in areas of internal body parts where its strength and lightness of weight make the vehicles more fuel-efficient and thus a better ecological proposition. One hectare of bamboo can sequester 62 tonnes of carbon dioxide per year while one hectare of young forest only sequesters 15 tonnes of carbon dioxide per year. HempTrain™ efficiently separates bast fiber from hurd in a processing technique that does not damage the fiber strings (bundles), keeping the fiber long, … There are two types of ramie; China Grass which is also known as true ramie or white ramie and green ramie which are believed to have originated in Malaysia. It doesn’t work with farmers directly but influences how farmers in the flax or hemp space produce their natural fiber inputs. After extraction, the fiber is degummed, dried, decorticated, scotched, hackled and combed processes that separate and clean the component parts. There is also an EU-funded project (known as FAIR-CT98-9615) that has recently been working with textile companies in Austria, Germany and Italy to develop methods of extracting fibre from nettles, as well as the spinning, weaving and manufacturing of these textiles. The two principal plant varieties are: Cannabis sativa L. subsp. Hope to hear from you soon. The quality of the final linen yarn and fabric is dependent upon the growing conditions, harvesting methods and whether it is a short fibre known as tow or the more desirable long line fibre. It is not clear if the fibers will be useful for textiles, as they tend to be much shorter and coarser than those from plants bred for fiber. An annual plant that grows from seed, hemp can be grown on a processing of soils, but tends to grow best on land that processings high yields of corn. In India and Bangladesh, it is mostly used as firewood. The traditional methods for separating the long bast fibres are by dew and water retting. Bast fibers can be obtained either from cultivated herbs, such as flax, hemp, and ramie, or wild plants, such as linden, wisteria, and mulberry. Outside, those were actually bales of hemp, harvested from across the country in states like Kentucky, Colorado, and Minnesota, which I was invited to see in person for BastCore’s open house at the end of September. The two tradition- al types of retting are field and water retting. Nettles can grow on the most inhospitable land that has been subjected to chemical abuse, but their cultivation uses a very small amount, if any at all of pesticide. This is the first article I have seen that actually addresses that endeavor with hemp! 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